Pickleball Ratings and Pickleball Skill Levels: What Do They Mean?
Updated: April 16, 2023
Pickleball is becoming a more and more popular sport, and with that popularity comes different levels of players.
Many pickleball players may not understand the various pickleball ratings or what skill set they need to achieve that rating.
The purpose of this article is to help you understand the different pickleball ratings and skill levels. In summary:
- Some pickleball clubs have league play categorized by skill level and not by skill rating. As an example, they’ll have a novice league, an intermediate league and an advanced league for more experienced players.
- Some pickleball clubs prefer to arrange league play and tournaments using the USAPA Player Skill Ratings which allows players to self-rate based on skill rating definitions.
- For sanctioned tournaments, the USAPA Pickleball Tournament Player Rating (UTPR) system is used.
In this article, we’ll outline both the pickleball levels and the pickleball skill ratings.
|Skill Level Ratings|
Simple rating system for local pickleball clubs league play
|USAPA Player Skill Ratings|
Self-rating skills system for league play and local tournament play
|USAPA Tournament Player Rating (UTPR)|
USAPA system rating based on wins/losses – automated algorithm
|1.0 – 2. 0|
|– 4 digit number reflecting wins/losses in sanctioned tournaments|
– Each 4 digit number translates to a 2 digit number
USAPA Pickleball Skill Levels
Local pickleball clubs will often opt to have league play categorized by skill level and not by pickleball skill rating.
The reason for this is that in many cases, there will be a large number of players who are new to pickleball or there will be a significant number of people who are playing recreationally, whether they’re new to the game or have played a lot.
Typically, the pickleball skill levels are:
Novice/Beginner: Novice players are just starting out and are still learning the basics of the game. They may not have much experience with pickleball or other racket sports.
Intermediate: Intermediate players have a solid understanding of the game and are starting to develop their own skills and style of play. They may have played other racket sports before. They prefer to play with players who have a similar skill level. I’m an intermediate player and I like playing with other players who have a similar skill level but I also like playing with Advanced players because I learn a lot from them.
Advanced: Advanced players have developed their own unique skills and style of play. Advanced players have a strong understanding of the game and are able to execute more complex shots. They have likely played other racket sports and have developed their own skills and style of play.
Pickleball Skill Ratings
There are two types of skill rating systems:
The USAPA Player Skill Ratings is a system used to measure a player’s ability in pickleball. These pickleball ratings are based on a player’s abilities in recreational play and may not reflect their abilities in a tournament.
The USAPA Pickleball Tournament Player Ratings (UTPR), is a pickleball rating system that is used with players who play in tournaments. These ratings are based on a pickleball player’s tournament results and are a more accurate reflection of their skill level.
USAPA Player Skill Ratings
The USAPA Player Skill Ratings are broken down into 8 levels and can be used by players to self-rate their pickleball skills.
Some clubs run clinics where pickleball coaches and experienced players can rate you. If you want to be more confident that you’re entering a tournament or a league at the right level, join a skill level rate clinic.
Player skill ratings run from 1.0 to 5.5+ and consist of a 2 digit number such as 1.0, 2.5, 3.0 etc…
Here’s a brief explanation of each from the USAPA website:
- 1.0 – 2.0 Skill Rating – A player who is new to pickleball, has no other sports background and minimal undersatnding of pickleball.
- 2.5 Skill Rating – A player who has limited experience, can play a short rally and a basic understanding of how to score.
- 3.0 Skill Rating – A player who understands fundamentals and court positioning.
- 5.5+ Skill Rating – A player who is a highly skilled pickleball player and consistently play at a high level
3.0 Skill Rating – This skill rating and skill ratings from 3.5 – 5.5 are broken down by skillset:
- Forehand – Can hit a medium-paced shot but is missing directional intent and consistency. Inconsistent ball placement.
- Backhand – Doesn’t like to use a backhand shot – avoids it. Missing directional intent and consistency. Inconsistent ball placement.
- Serve / Return – Can hit a medium-paced shot but is missing depth, directing and consistency.
- Dink – Unable to sustain a dink rally, consistently.
- 3rd Shot Drop – Can typically hit a medium-paced ball but with very little directional intention.
- Volley – Can hit a medium-paced shot but not with directional intention or consistency.
- Strategy – Confident with the fundamentals and still working on where to stand on the court. Good with understanding the basic rules, can keep score and plays in tournaments.
3.5 Skill Rating
- Forehand – Decent stroke development with some level of shot control.
- Backhand – Learning backhand form and developing some consistency. Will avoid if possible.
- Serve / Return – Consistently gets serve/return in play with limited ability to control depth.
- Dink – Increased consistency with some ability to control height and depth. Can play a medium-length rally with sustained dinking.
- 3rd Shot Drop – Developing a drop shot in a way that provides an opportunity to get to the non-volley zone.
- Volley – Can volley a medium-paced shot with control.
- Strategy – Moves quickly towards the non-volley zone (NVZ). Acknowledges the difference between a hard shot and soft shot and is starting to vary their own game during recreation and tournament play. Understands court position.
Read about USAPA Pickleball Player Skill Ratings 4.0 to 5.5. You can also download detailed skill assessment sheets from the USAPA website.
USA Pickleball Tournament Player Ratings (UTPR)
The USA Pickleball Tournament Player Rating (UTPR) System was developed by the USA Pickleball Association to determine a pickleball player’s skill level, more accurately and scientifically than the USAPA Players Skills grid.
This new system was created so that a more accurate skill level could be determined and pickleball players with the same skill levels could play against each other in tournaments.
The goal of the UTPR is to minimize if not eliminate the possibility of a more experienced player playing against a less experienced player. And the reverse is also true – eliminate players from over-rating themselves and playing against a more experienced player.
The UTPR system is based on data from a player’s individual win/loss match results and is built on a 4 – digit UTPR that is calculated weekly after tournament play. This 4 – digit code is translated into a 2 – digit code that will be updated 4 times/year. It is the 4 – digit UTPR rating that is used to register for sanctioned pickleball tournaments. Ratings will range from 0.000 to 6.999
UTPR is a rating system based exclusively on an individual’s win/loss match results in comparison to the strength of their opponents.
Players can elect to play down
The idea over time is that the system will adjust your rating based on your changing skillset and seed you correctly. Keep in mind players can elect to play at a higher or lower skill level to see how they do. Players can play down in age but can not play down in skill level or up in age. And tournament directors have the ability to adjust seeding.
You are age 45 but can choose to play in the 19+ age bracket.
Your UTPR is 4.0 which means you can’t play in the 3.5 skill level bracket.
You are age 42 which means you can’t play in the 55+ age bracket.
Regardless of the tournament format (age, skill-in-age), all match results will be entered into the UTPR system to determine any change to a player’s rating.
FAQs – Pickleball Ratings and Pickleball Skill Levels: What Do They Mean?
How do you determine skill level in pickleball?
You can determine your skill level in pickleball by:
1. Pickleball self-rating based on being a novice, intermediate or advanced pickleball player. 2. Use the USAPA Player Skill Ratings between 1.0 and 5.5+ (5.5+ is very experienced). 3. For sanctioned tournaments the USA Pickleball Tournament Player Ratings (UTPR) will determine your level based on wins/losses.
What is a 3.0 level pickleball player?
A 3.0 level pickleball player is a player who has developed some skills in pickleball but might be lacking in consistency and accuracy. The USAPA Player Skill Rating for a 3.0 level pickleball player’s ability to hit a forehand, states ‘Ability to hit a medium-paced shot. Lacks directional intent and consistency.’
What is a 3.5 pickleball player?
A 3.5 level pickleball player is a player who is has developed some skills in pickleball and has some consistency and control. The USAPA Player Skill Rating for a 3.5 level pickleball player’s ability to hit a forehand, states ‘Improved stroke development with moderate level of shot control.’
Here’s some additional information on the 3.5 level rating from the USAPA:
Forehand – Improved stroke development with moderate level of shot control.
Backhand – Learning stroke form and starting to develop consistency but will avoid if possible.
Serve / Return – Consistently gets serve/return in play with limited ability to control depth.
Dink – Increased consistency, with limited ability to control height/depth. Sustains medium length rallies. Starting to understand variations of pace.
3rd Shot Drop – Developing drop shots in a way to get to the net.
Volley – Is able to volley medium-paced shots thereby developing control.
Strategy – Moves quickly towards the non-volley zone (NVZ) when opportunity is there. Acknowledges difference between hard game (hard shots) and soft game (soft shots) and is starting to vary own game during recreation and tournament play. Can sustain short rallies. Is learning proper court positioning. Basic knowledge of stacking and understands situations where it can be effective.
What levels are there in pickleball?
In pickleball, there are 8 levels:
1.0 – 2.0
How do you become a 4.0 pickleball player?
To become a 4.0 pickleball player, improve consistency including forehand and backhand shots. Understand how to serve and return the ball strategically.
According to the USAPA Player Skill Ratings, understanding the following strategies are key:
Aware of partner’s position on the court and is able to move as a team. Demonstrates ability to change direction in an offensive manner. Demonstrates a broad knowledge of the rules of the game. Has a moderate number of unforced errors per game. Solid understanding of stacking and when and how it could be used in match play. Beginning to identify opponents’ weaknesses and attempts to formulate a game plan to attack weaknesses.
How do you determine your pickleball skill level?
To determine your pickleball skill level, use the USAPA Player Skill Ratings (a self-rating system) and do your best to rate yourself according to the levels. another option is to attend a skill rating clinic where experienced players and coaches watch you play and then determine your skill level.
How do I know if I am a 3.0 pickleball player?
According to the USAPA, you know if you’re a 3.0 pickleball player if you can acknowledge the difference between hard game and soft game and you’re starting to vary your own game during recreation and tournament play. You can sustain short rallies. You are learning proper court positioning. Basic knowledge of stacking and understanding situations where it can be effective.
What does 5.0 mean in pickleball?
A 5.0 in pickleball means: a player has mastered pickleball strategies and can vary strategies and styles of play in competitive or tournament matches. Is successful at turning defensive shots into offensive shots. Has efficient footwork and effective use of weight transfer for improved quickness on the court. Easily and quickly adjusts style of play and game plan according to the opponent’s strengths and weaknesses and court position. Rarely makes unforced errors.
What level are beginner players in pickleball?
Beginner pickleball players in pickleball are level 1. 0 – 2.5. A level 1.0 – 2.0 players are playing for the first time or are really just getting started. A level 2.5 pickleball player has limited experience. Can sustain a short rally with players of equal ability. Basic ability to keep score.
What is a 3.5 pickleball rating
A 3.5 pickleball rating is for a player who is has developed some skills in pickleball and has some consistency and control. The USAPA Player Skill Rating for a 3.5 level pickleball player’s ability to hit a forehand, states ‘Improved stroke development with moderate level of shot control.’